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What is the History of Travel and Tourism

2000 years Prior to Christ, in India and Mesopotamia

Travel for trade continued to be a crucial feature for the reason that the start of civilisation. The port at Lothal was a significant centre of trade between the Indus valley civilisation as well as the Sumerian civilisation.


What is the History of Travel and Tourism

What is the History of Travel and Tourism


600 BC and onwards

The first sort of leisure tourism might be traced since the Babylonian and Egyptian civilisations. A museum of historic antiquities was available to the general public in Babylon. The Egyptians had lots of spiritual festivals which brought in the devoted and plenty of individuals that surged to cities to see well-known artworks and structures.



In India, as somewhere else, kings travelled for empire building. The Brahmins and the common individuals travelled for religious reasons. Thousands of Brahmins and the common folk surged Sarnath and Sravasti to be greeted by the enigmatic smile of the Enlightened One- the Buddha.

500 BC, the Greek civilisation

The Greek tourists journeyed to places of healing gods. The Greeks additionally enjoyed their religious festivals which increasingly became a mission of pleasure, and particularly, sport. Athens had become a significant spot for those travelling visiting the key locations such as the Parthenon. Inns were developed in big towns and seaports to supply for travellers’ wishes. Courtesans were the main entertainment available.


This period also witnessed the emergence of travel writing. Herodotus was the planets’ foremost travel writer. Guidebooks also made their arrival in the 4th century detailing places like Athens, Sparta and Troy. Advertisements in the form of signs pointing individuals to inns are in addition known in this age.

The Roman Empire

Without any foreign borders between England and Syria, and with safe seas from piracy due to Roman patrols, the conditions advantageous for travel had come. Firstclass roadways together with staging inns (predecessors of new motels) promoted the growth of travel. Romans journeyed to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. From the year of 300 AD travel to the Holy Land additionally became extremely widespread. The Romans introduced their guidebooks (itineraria), listing hotels with symbols to establish quality.




Second homes were constructed by the wealthy near Rome, occupied primarily throughout spring social season. The most popular resorts were found in the region of Bay of Naples. Naples brought in the retired and the intellectuals, Cumae brought in the fashionable while Baiae attracted the down market tourist, becoming well-known for its disorderliness, overindulgence and all- night singing.

Travel and Tourism were to never reach a similar status till the modern times.

In the Middle Ages

Travel became tough and hazardous as individuals travelled for business or for a feeling of duty and duty.

Adventurers hunted fame and fortune via travel. The Europeans tried to discover a ocean route to India for trade uses and in this fashion found America and investigated areas of Africa. Strolling players and minstrels made their livelihood by means of performing as they journeyed. Missionaries, saints, etc. travelled to proliferate the sacred word.


a merchant-pull


Leisure travel in India was established by the Mughals. The Mughal kings constructed luxurious palaces and captivating gardens at places of natural and scenic splendor (for instance Jehangir travelled to Kashmir enchanted by its attractiveness.

Travel for empire building and pilgrimage was a regular element.




The Grand Tour


From the early seventeenth century, a brand new way of tourism was established as a direct result of the Renaissance. Under the reign of Elizabeth 1, young men in search of positions at court were inspired to travel to continent to finish their schooling. Afterward, it became normal for education of gentleman to be completed by a ‘Grand Tour’ accompanied by a tutor and continuing for three or more years. While apparently instructional, the pleasure seeking gentlemen travelled to enjoy life and traditions of Paris, Venice or Florence. By the conclusion of eighteenth century, the custom had become institutionalised in the gentry. Progressively pleasure travel replaced educational travel. The arrival of Napoleonic wars subdued travel for about thirty years and resulted in the reduction of the practice of the Grand Tour.


The creation of the spas

The spas expanded in popular appeal in the seventeenth century in Britain and a little bit afterward in the European Continent as recognition about the therapeutic characteristics of mineral water heightened. Having the cure in the spa fast gained the character of a status symbol. The resorts changed in makeup as pleasure became the inspiration of visits. They became a crucial point of social life for the high society.

In the nineteenth century they were gradually displaced by the seashore destination.


beach holiday


The sunshine, sand and sea destinations

The sea water became associated with health merits. The first visitors thus drank it and failed to immerse themselves in it. By the first eighteenth century, little fishing resorts emerged in England for visitors who drank and also immersed themselves in sea water. With the overcrowding of inland spas, the new sea side destinations increased in popular appeal. The initiation of steamboat services in 19th century founded greater numbers of resorts in the circuit. The seaside destination gradually became a social meeting place

Role of the industrial revolution in advertising travel in the west

The rapid urbanisation because of industrialisation ensued in bulk migration in cities. These people were tempted into travel to flee their surroundings to locations of inherent splendor, often to the countryside they had come from change of routine from a physically and mentally demanding employment positions to a unhurried tempo in country.

High points of travel in the nineteenth century

Invention of railway at first catalysed business travel and afterward leisure travel. Steadily special trains were chartered to just take leisure travel to their locations.
Package tours arranged by entrepreneurs like Thomas Cook.
The European countries indulged in a good amount of business travel frequently to their colonies to buy raw material and sell completed merchandise.
The advent of photography functioned as a status-enhancing tool and promoted international travel.
The formation of first hotel chains; developed by the railway companies who created huge railway terminus hotels.
Seaside resorts started to develop different images as for day-trippers, elite, for gambling.
Various other varieties of destinations-ski resorts, hill stations, mountaineering spots and so on.
The technological development in steamships promoted travel between North America and Europe.
The Suez Canal opened direct sea routes to India and the Far East.
The cult of the guidebook came next the production of taking photographs.

Tourism in the Twentieth Century

The First World War offered first hand experience of nations and induced a feeling of curiosity about worldwide travel among less wealthy sector for the first time. The massive scale of migration to the US meant a great deal of travel across the Atlantic. Personal motoring started to advocate home-based travel in Europe and also the west. The ocean side venue became yearly family holiday getaway in Britain and grew in popular appeal in other countries of the west. Hotels proliferated in these resorts.


air travel


The birth of air travel and after

The wars increased interest in worldwide travel. This curiosity was given the shape of mass tourism by the aviation business. The extra of aircraft and growth of personal airlines aided the enlargement of air travel. The aircraft had become comfy, faster and steadily less costly for overseas travel. With the introduction of Boeing 707 jet in 1958, the age of air travel for the mass population had come.

The beginning of chartered flights enhanced the package tour market and ensued in the establishment of organised bulk tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400 seat craft, brought the cost of travel down greatly. The seaside resorts in the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Caribbean were the first hot spots of bulk tourism.

A corresponding increase in hotel industry resulted in the establishment of global chains. Tourism also started to branch out as people started to flock to different resorts in the 1970’s. Nepal and India received a horde of holiday makers tempted by Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. The start of individual travel in a sizeable volume just occurred in the 1980’s. Air travel also ensued in a continuous increase in business travel especially with the surfacing of the MNCs.

Sarvajeet Chandra writes on problems that are usually brushed under the carpet, or are too everyday-ish for prime street strategists. He writes on making strategic plan powerful, the way to implement strategy well and other tactical problems for day-to-day business effectiveness.

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